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On the Cost of Database Clusters Reconfiguration

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Proceedings of the 28th IEEE International Symposium on Reliable Distributed Systems, Niagara Falls, New York, U.S.A., Sep, 2009


Ricardo Vilaça, José Enrique Armendáriz-Iñigo, Rui Carlos Oliveira, Jose Pereira, and José Ramón González de Mendívil


Database clusters based on share-nothing replication techniques are currently widely accepted as a practical solution to scalability and availability of the data tier. A key issue when planning such systems is the ability to meet service level agreements when load spikes occur or cluster nodes fail. This translates into the ability to provision and deploy additional nodes. Many current research efforts focus on designing autonomic controllers to perform such reconfiguration, tuned to quickly react to system changes and spawn new replicas based on resource usage and performance measurements. In contrast, we are concerned about the inherent impact of deploying an additional node to an online cluster, considering both the time required to finish such an action as well as the impact on resource usage and performance of the cluster as a whole. If noticeable, such impact hinders the practicability of self-management techniques, since it adds an additional dimension that has to be accounted for. Our approach is to systematically benchmark a number of different reconfiguration scenarios to assess the cost of bringing a new replica online. We consider factors such as: workload characteristics, incremental and parallel recovery, flow control and outdatedness of the recovering replica. As a result, we show that research should be refocused from optimizing the capture and transmission of changes to applying them, which in a realistic setting dominates the cost of the recovery operation.

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Created by rmvilaca
Last modified 2011-01-25 11:53 AM

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